In Ted Butler's Archive


After 40 years of silver price manipulation and suppression on the COMEX, the physical market has experienced a lack of production growth and enhanced demand brought about by too-low silver prices. According to the immutable law of supply and demand, silver is now in a deepening physical shortage in which sharply higher prices are both required and inevitable. The key element that I speak of today is the likely behavior of the short sellers of silver derivatives. Investors hold 2 billion ounces of silver in industry-standard 1,000-ounce bars and a similar quantity in smaller bars and coins. Since these holdings are owned outright, there is no short position as exists in every derivatives contract, including COMEX futures and options and OTC swap contracts.

The derivatives short positions are mostly on the COMEX, in the form of short sales in futures, call options contracts and OTC dealings. Thanks to detailed information provided in the weekly Commitment of Traders (COT) reports, great clarity is given to the potential exposure of the short sellers in COMEX silver futures contracts. The current total open interest in COMEX silver futures (minus spreads) is around 110,000 contracts, or 550 million ounces.

Again, thanks to the detailed data provided in the COT reports, we further know that the 8 largest commercial shorts hold more than 50,000 contracts net short or the equivalent of 250 million ounces. Other traders outside the big 8 in the commercial, non-commercial, and non-reporting categories hold 300 million ounces short. This current net short position of the 8 largest shorts, at 250 million ounces, is of extreme danger to them should silver prices explode, as I believe is in the cards.

Then, there are the long and short positions held in COMEX silver call options, most of which are “out-of-the-money,” meaning they wouldn’t result in great danger to the short sellers of these options until and unless silver prices rose sharply. Conservatively, the true exposure of the call options on the COMEX is “only” 25,000 contracts of the more than 70,000 contracts of total call option open interest. That would bring the total COMEX futures and call options short exposure to 135,000 contracts (110,000 futures contracts plus 25,000 call options contracts) or 675 million ounces.

That means, for every dollar increase in the price of silver, the longs would make $675 million and those short would lose $675 million. A $5 price increase would amount to a $3.4 billion gain and loss, while a $10 increase would amount to a collective gain and loss of $6.75 billion. Should the price of silver increase much more than that, as I believe, the math is astounding for collective gains and losses. The short-sellers of silver would face a cataclysmic financial setback. For the longs, it would be the stuff of dreams – with unimaginable money and profits raining down from the heavens.

However, for those short, it would be a terrifying financial nightmare. The 675 million ounces held short on the COMEX is mostly held on a margin basis, and should silver prices explode higher, as is inevitable and likely imminent, it would create a disaster scenario for the shorts.  Virtually all silver shorts will be subjected to daily and perhaps intraday demands to deposit untold additional amounts of margin money with little time to do so. A margin call hell would develop. In a sharp price rise of the type I envision, the brokers holding the short positions will not hesitate to buy back customers’ short positions with little prior notice adding additional upward pressure to silver prices.

In addition to the net short derivatives position on the COMEX in silver futures and call options, there is the matter of those short call options on SLV, the big silver ETF, where the true net exposure could easily be 200 million ounces. Finally, there is the OTC derivatives market, where I allege that Bank of America, alone, may have a short exposure of a billion ounces of silver. That’s more than the combined short exposure on the COMEX and in SLV. I’ve complained to the S.E.C. and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency about BofA’s egregious short position in silver OTC derivatives.

As a commodities broker for many years, I have lived through and observed this type of cataclysmic market event and the effects on those on the wrong side of highly leveraged derivatives positions. A comparable event that comes to mind was the sudden sharp selloff in the stock market in October 1987, when the Dow Jones Average fell nearly 25% in a day. I personally knew many who had large short positions on put options on stocks, that to that point had been extremely profitable, until the stock market broke sharply, and the losses suddenly became insurmountable to the point of bankruptcy. A more recent example was the meme stock episode of early 2021, when a stock like GameStop rose by more than 25 times in a few months due largely to short-covering.  Just as there is no force more powerful on the price of a commodity than a physical shortage there is no force more powerful in the world of derivatives than a short-covering panic. The impact on price brought about by an inevitable short-covering buying panic in silver promises to be epic.

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